May 12, 2016
I introduce historic cityscape of Oita.
... Middle Oita area ...
●Oita Castle Ruin Park, Funai Castle Ruins
Large Wakejo got in the form that Shigetoshi Takenaka succeeded by sister's husband, Naotaka Fukuhara of Mitsunari Ishida who served Hideyoshi Toyotomi was called another name, the Funai Castle (Funai Castle).
Mizubori around the First Bailey which had the castle tower is filled and is used as Oita Castle Ruin Park now.
●Hiji Castle Ruins
The castle ruin of the Hiji Castle constructed a castle by Hiji feudal lord, Nobutoshi Kinoshita given 3, Hiji, Hayami-gun Mangoku in 1602 (alias: Youkoku castle),
Tower (tower) was built in each place in the First Bailey in the castle including the castle tower and possessed Second Bailey, Third Bailey, an outer fence and a triple posture led by Honjo.
You can enjoy a stone wall and a moat, a row of pine trees around a castle with scenery of the Beppu bay now as ruins of a castle park.
... North Oita area ...
Kitsuki called the Japanese only "sandwich-shaped castle town." Be inserted between Northern Hill Samurai Residence and the Southern Hill Samurai Residence and grow along East-West valleys.
Kitsuki Yorinao constructed a castle as Kitsuki Castle in 1394.
The sea and the plateau among cliffs become the natural fortress and are said to be the Gagyu (Gagyu) castle because the topography is similar to the form that a cow lied down.
The present castle is the simulation castle tower built in 1970, but is got close to a citizen with Shiroyama Park.
250 cherry trees are in full glory in spring, and the walk way leading to the castle can enjoy Autumn leaves in autumn.
In addition, it keeps stone construction culture of the Rokugo Manzan and, including Kunisaki Tower, is stunning.
The inside of a castle becomes the historical museum and can read the pots of the Bungo plum which I gave to armor and the Shogunate which a feudal lord used.
You can overlook the Kitsuki city from the castle tower, and the scenery that Gulf of Morie spreads through is unmissable.
●Nakatsu Castle (Okudaira Clan Historical Museum)
It does the Nakatsu Castle by an opening that Kanbei Kuroda (Josui) who received Buzen 6 county than Hideyoshi Toyotomi constructed a castle in the place of Yamakuni River (the Takase River) river mouth.
Because the form of the castle had a shape of the fan, I was called "a fan castle".
The current castle tower was built in 1964, and clothes, a sword of the last feudal lord, Okudaira Clan, a camp tool, an old illustrated map, the interesting document including ancient documents are displayed in the castle,
It is opened to the public.
In addition, the trace that ever prospered as a castle town remains everywhere. Mud wall and a white wall, a lattice door are left in Kanaya-machi and Chugen-machi, Teramachi in the Nakatsu City and the Takajo-machi and indicate a state of the bygone days faintly
●Former Residence of Fukuzawa Yukichi
Yukichi Fukuzawa born in Nakatsu domain warehouse of Osaka in 1835 returned to the domain by the death of father at time at 1 year, 6 months old and spent youth in (until 19 years old) this house for childhood before studying far away from the home in Nagasaki.
The storehouse which remodels it by oneself, and worked hard at study is left as those days and can have a glimpse of the origin of the life of Yukichi Fukuzawa that led the Japanese modernization, democracy.
Other than the first edition and a book, a letter, a photograph of "the An Encouragement of Learning", a lot of things in conjunction with Yukichi Fukuzawa including the 1 ticket of the ten-thousand yen bill are displayed.
In addition, many people come including an examinee to pray for the studies accomplishment in the Shirosagi Inari Shrine in the site.
In 1587, it was erected by Kuroda Kanbei Yoshitaka.
The wall painted in crimson gives a strong impression conspicuously in castle town, Nakatsu and is called another name, a red wall temple.
All vassals who Shigefusa Utsunomiya who was period of Hideyoshi Toyotomi, an influential person of Buzen deceives you, and encounter slaying, and did this temple in the lodgings are slaying death. Because a bloodstain stands out even if I repaint the white wall of the door front that bathed in the blood at that time how many times, I am said to be it when I repainted it at last on the red wall. As for the state of the fierce battle at the time, the trace of the sword is left for the central pillar of the territory with points now.
... South Oita area ...
●Ruins of Otemon Gate
"The way of the history and the literature" of approximately 700m over the Yoken-ji Temple is chosen as "100 selections of ways of Japan" among ruins of Otemon Gate in 1986.
The mud wall of the way of the stone pavement and the white wall continues, and samurai residences of the special Physician's gate leaves the taste of the castle town.
Cherry blossoms become in full bloom to match it with a spring festival of April, and the contrast of the wall which is white a pink cherry tree and the blue sky is exquisiteness every year.
The cityscape of the castle town which prospered around a castle is called "a way of the history and the literature" and is got close as walk course.
"A way of the history and the literature"
The Usuki Castle was built in the Nyuu Island that floated in the Gulf of Usuki in 1562 by Christian daimyo Sorin Otomo and piled up the history many as a castle of the Usuki domain 50,000 koku which Inaba clan ruled in the Edo era.
It was the castle among the seas, but becomes not separated by water by an inning now in those days.
The castle ruin is maintained now as Usuki Park and becomes the cherry blossom viewing spot eminent Southern Part of Prefecture that approximately 1,000 cherry trees are in full glory in spring.
●Nioza Historical Road
In a hill of the tufa which volcanic ashes of the Mt. Aso hardened in Nioza located in the home territory of the Usuki Castle, and there was, I scraped off several rocks and put a way.
The feature peculiar to a castle town everywhere of the small alley remains, and an expensive stone wall, the tiled roof with the solid feeling, the building of the white wall and many temples continue for a long time along the slope.
In front of old Shinko-ji Temple is one of the scenery on behalf of Usuki called "a sunken road". Particularly, the wet stone pavement after it rained has an atmosphere.
In November, 1993, it is chosen as 100 selections of cityscapes of the country.
... West Oita area ...
●Oka Castle Ruins
For 1,185 years, it is informed that I constructed a castle because "I consider Saburo Ogata, and Sakae" (I quit this) receives Yoshitsune Minamoto a military commander of the native district,
In 1594, it is told to have become the castle of Oka domain afterwards by a seal of Prince Nakagawa containing.
In the left castle, it was constructed a castle by first feudal lord Hidesige Nakagawa, and consists of the main gay quarters (out of order) such as a main enclosure, the outworks of a castle, outermost outworks, the western citadel of the castle now. Because the form of the castle was similar to the figure lying down of the cow, I am called another name "Fushiushi Castle" and can overlook Mount Aso and a castle town from main enclosure Kuju mountain ranges, close Tokado, and there is the Rentaro Taki image of the Fumio Asakura product in the outworks of a castle.
There are many cherry trees in the castle, and I am chosen in "100 selections of Japanese cherry tree famous places" by the beauty.
In addition, "the Oca castle cherry blossom festival" that an elegant daimyo's procession comes and goes in the beginning of April is held every year.
It is the castle town where Hita magistrate's office was put as an Imperial demesne place of direct control of the Shogunate in the Edo era.
The Japanese oldest merchant's family and warehouses stand and are one of the locations known as a tourist attraction of Hita.
The architecture which developed as a center of politics and the economy in Kyushu forms the cityscape which was rich for a change while leaving a town quota.
Various events by seasons such as "Hita Sennen Akari" or "Tenryo Hita's Doll Festival" are held, too, and many people visit it from each places of the whole country in a tourist season.
●Pleasure boat, cormorant fishingBecause "riverside district Hita" and the water which is rich so as to be called overflow, the Hita city is known.
Because "Suehiro Shrine" cost the Mishima shrine where Mori feudal domain Kurushima Mitsuharu is the patron saint of the Iyo country of the home town Kanjiyo in 1601, I am said to be an opening.
The cover shop of the main hall is called "Sayado" and is a building with the large, up to professional standard structure made an elaborate plans in detail.
In addition, it is a teahouse said to that Kurushima Michihiro chooses "the Seihorou" built on the same site in a castle tower for the eighth generation of the Mori Domain which it was not permitted that I have a castle and repaired it and is appointed in the tangible cultural property of the prefecture.